Campus Safety

See also:

Institutional Animal Care and Use


Juniata recognizes the ethical responsibility for humane care of animals.  Persons who use animals in teaching or research must assume responsibility for general animal welfare and conform to applicable regulations and policies. All animal accommodation facilities and programs shall be operated in accordance with applicable regulations.

The responsibilities of persons engaged in the use of live vertebrate animals include:



Juniata's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) monitors care and use of vertebrate animals and reviews program compliance. 

Committee responsibilities:

  1. carry out annual protocol reviews and evaluation of activities involving animals;
  2. make recommendations to Principal Investigators, Departments, or the Provost regarding any aspect of the animal program, facilities, or personnel training;
  3. review, and, if warranted, investigate complaints received from employees or from the public; and
  4. perform other functions as required by institutional needs and by federal, state, and local authorities.

Inquiries concerning policies should be directed to the IACUC Chair: Roy Nagle, Director of Environmental Health and Safety. 


Application Protocol for Care and Treatment of Vertebrate Animals

Federal animal welfare regulations require that the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee review and approve all activities involving the use of vertebrate animals prior to their initiation.  Compliance with animal welfare regulations is mandatory and is the responsibility of all individuals involved in teaching or research. 

Protocols involving vertebrate animals must be submitted for review to Juniata’s IACUC.  To obtain a copy of the protocol application, contact the IACUC Chair: Roy Nagle, Director of Environmental Health and Safety. 


Principles for Use and Care of Live Vertebrate Animals used in Teaching and Research

The following procedures address the acquisition of animals, their transportation, use and care, efforts to minimize pain and distress, consideration of alternatives to the use of animals, and training of personnel. 

  1. The transportation, care, and use of animals should be in compliance with the Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.) and other applicable federal laws, guidelines, and policies.
  2. Procedures involving animals should be designed and performed with due consideration of their relevance to human or animal health, the advancement of knowledge, or the good of society.
  3. The animals selected for a procedure should be of an appropriate species and quality and the minimum number required to obtain valid results. Methods such as mathematical models, computer simulation, and in vitro biological systems should be considered.
  4. Proper use of animals, including the avoidance or minimization of discomfort, distress, and pain when consistent with sound scientific practices, is imperative.
  5. The living conditions of animals should be appropriate for their species and contribute to their health and comfort.
  6. Investigators and other personnel shall be appropriately qualified and experienced for conducting procedures on living animals.


Requirements for Animal Holding Areas

Before animals can be housed on campus, both a protocol and the housing facility must first be approved by the IACUC.

The following requirements apply to areas where animals are housed or used for teaching or research:

  1. Contact information (including home phone numbers) for Principal Investigators shall be posted. 
  2. Personnel may not eat, drink, use tobacco products, or apply cosmetics in such areas.  Food meant for human consumption may not be stored in animal holding areas. 
  3. All aisles, exits, fire extinguishers, eyewashes, and other emergency equipment shall remain unobstructed.


Facilities Inspections  

Animal housing areas are inspected annually by the campus IACUC and are subject to inspection by veterinarians from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.  Inspections are based on the structural elements listed below in addition to records relating to animal care and treatment and the currently approved protocol.


Animal Health and Husbandry:



Emergency Operations

Emergencies that may affect animals or animal holding facilities include natural disasters, infrastructure emergencies, and civil emergencies.  Persons responsible for animal care should consider critical mechanical systems and personnel functions that may be impacted during emergencies.  Contingency plans for animal care should be communicated to the appropriate personnel.

Key issues to consider:

Of particular concern during emergencies is communication among staff, emergency responders, and the public.  Juniata Public Safety and emergency responders must be able to reach people responsible for animal care.  That can be enhanced by prominently posting emergency procedures, names, and telephone numbers in animal facilities and by making them available to Public Safety. Any media inquiries should be directed to the Vice President of Advancement and Marketing, the official College spokesperson.

Responsibilities of Principal Investigators in relation to emergency preparedness involving animals include:


Occupational Health and Safety of Animal Care Personnel

Principal investigators are responsible for ensuring a safe work place for animal care personnel. These personnel may, in the course of their employment, research or education, be exposed to vertebrate animals in a manner that places them at increased risk of an occupational illness or injury.  Personnel must be informed of any health risks associated with the species with which they will be working and the control measures necessary to minimize those risks. 

All injuries, illnesses, or accidents must be reported as soon as possible.  Incidents involving students must be reported to the professor/supervisor and the Public Safety Office.  Incidents involving employees (including student employees) must be reported to the supervisor and the Office of Human Resources.


Federal Standards


Professional Society Guidelines