See also:


3.1.1 Graduation Requirements

I. Completion of General Education Requirements as follows:

A. Liberal Arts Distribution

The intent of the distribution requirement is to assist students in broadening their education. This breadth helps students to develop and retain the intellectual flexibility necessary to cope with their rapidly changing environment.

Students must complete at least six credit hours of coursework in each of the following five areas. In three of these five areas, at least one course must have a prerequisite or be at the 300-level or above. Courses may be used for only one distribution area.

The Liberal Arts Distribution designations are designed to push students to explore different fields of study and modes of inquiry. Therefore, courses should carry no Liberal Arts Distribution designations if doing so interferes with this goal. In addition, courses cannot carry more than two Liberal Arts Distribution designations.

[Approved changes by the faculty, March 5, 2014]
[Approved changes by the faculty, April 1, 2015]

Fine Arts (F):

Fine arts courses examine the interaction of elements within art forms, the ways in which these interactions produce artistic expression, and the conventions of the particular artistic disciplines. In these courses, students expand their expressive abilities and/or sharpen their skills at formal analysis (such as how to experience a work of art).

International (I):

International courses may study global issues in one of three ways. 1. The course introduces students to the history, art, literature, philosophy, or civic life of people of different nationalities. 2. The course requires students to think and express themselves in a language other than English. 3. The course examines international social, material, cultural, or intellectual exchange at a systemic level.

Each semester spent in a study abroad program can be used as a waiver for the equivalent of three in-depth l credits.

Social Sciences (S):

Social scientists strive to understand a wide range of human behavior, from the formation of the self to the interaction of nations. Knowledge is acquired from systematic study using a diverse set of scientific methods including laboratory experiments, field observations, survey analyses, quantitative and qualitative ethnographic analyses, and insight acquired through experience.

Humanities (H):

The humanities use methods such as textual interpretation, historical analysis, and philosophical investigation to ask fundamental questions of value, purpose, and meaning in a rigorous and systematic way. The humanities teach us to think critically and imaginatively, informed by the knowledge of how those questions are (or have been) understood in different times, places, and cultures.

Natural Sciences (N):

Courses in natural and mathematical sciences enable students to engage with the methods of exploring the processes of the natural world. These methods include observation, generation of models and hypotheses, analysis of models that pertain to the natural world, and empirical testing.

B.  Common Experiences

1. College Writing Seminar

The College Writing Seminar, an interdisciplinary course in the first year of study, introduces students to the diverse modes of thought and communication that characterize the college experience, and helps them think and express themselves more effectively in and out of the classroom. The course focuses primarily on reading and writing skills. It also integrates instruction of computer and library research skills and attention to study skills, career planning, and other issues relevant to first-year college students. The integrative approach is based on the belief that curricular and co-curricular activities are inseparable, and that life skills cannot and should not be compartmentalized.

2. Information Access (IA)

This one-credit course ensures competency in the use of information technologies at Juniata College so that students have the necessary information technology skills for academic success. Students learn about the campus network, computer applications, and library resources. Students learn research methods and formal citation procedures.

3. Interdisciplinary Colloquia (IC)

All students will be required to complete one Interdisciplinary Colloquium (IC).  These team-taught, interdisciplinary courses are strongly linked to the College’s Mission Statement by seeking student outcomes of using “language clearly,” reading “with insight,” and thinking “analytically.” They help students to “lead fulfilling and useful lives,” and “develop fundamental values- spiritual, moral, aesthetic.” Some IC courses also contribute to student understanding “of peoples from distinct cultures and nations.” Finally, by emphasizing reading, discussion, and writing in an interdisciplinary setting, IC courses help create an “environment necessary to foster individual growth.”

In order to attain the outcomes described above, all IC courses, regardless of their content, include serious consideration of the relationships between theory and practice in different areas and of how the insights provided by an interdisciplinary approach can have a positive effect on individuals’ personal and public lives. Students and faculty complete the course with a sense of why a liberal education must include an interdisciplinary component. This requires addressing the fundamental questions of a liberal education in a serious, sustained manner. These questions and the discussion of values they entail play a significant role in both the course development process and in the course proposal.

The term “interdisciplinary” can be employed with a variety of definitions. An acceptable one for our purposes is “a process of addressing a topic that is too broad or complex to be dealt with adequately by a single discipline or profession.” [William H. Newell, ed. Interdisciplinarity: Essays from the Literature (New York: The College Board, 1998)]. The purpose of this requirement is to ensure that students take part in a sustained exploration of such a topic and develop the ability:

1. To approach a problem from more than one point of view, understanding the assumptions and/or life experiences at the basis of each point of view,

2. To identify the agreements and disagreements within and between intellectual approaches and points of view,

3. To make active use of the results of such investigations in search of a consensus or informed, productive disagreement, and

4. To identify and discuss the assumptions about value and purpose which are at stake in these discussions and to justify their own value commitments in regard to the topic of the course.

Two or more faculty representing two or more academic fields or methods of investigation develop and teach courses on topics of their own choosing. The only requirement is that they explain and demonstrate in their course proposal how the course accomplishes the aims described above and also teach the skills described below. Faculty engaged in developing or teaching IC courses will have access to funds and resources through the Provost’s Office.

As mentioned above, there is also a set of common skill goals for the IC courses, including both required, high priority skills and a second set of valuable skills that given courses can choose to emphasize. This course is committed to developing these skills because they are not only necessary to be an effective college student but also essential in professional and public life after college.

Required Common Skills for IC Courses:

Writing – The course must be designed to strengthen the ability to think and write analytically. Each IC course must (a) base at least 25% of the grade on writing, (b) have at least two papers of three or more pages, (c) offer an opportunity to rewrite one or more essays, and (d) have at least one individual paper conference for structured feedback on an essay.

Discussion Skills – Each IC course must include discussion as part of the course grade. Some structured feedback on discussion skills should be offered to students during the course. To promote this skill development, IC courses will be required to include discussion sessions.

Critical Reading Skills – All IC courses must include the reading and analysis of both primary sources (texts and other artifacts) and secondary sources, specifically scholarly expository writing in the form of monographs and/or essays. These activities must be designed to develop students’ ability to reflect on both the concepts and the sources in writing.

Optional Secondary Skill for IC Courses:

Critical Analysis of Other Media - An important option for IC courses is developing students’ critical abilities to read and analyze different aesthetic media such as works of art, music, fiction, poetry, films, and television. Faculty are encouraged to include such materials in their IC courses.

The IC courses have enrollment caps of 15-18 students per section. Ideally, no one will teach more than one section of the same course.

All IC courses must be at least 3 credits. Students can also complete the IC requirement by completing corequisite courses that together meet the IC requirements and add to at least three credits.

The IC course may be included in a student’s Program of Emphasis but cannot be used to satisfy Liberal Arts Distribution requirements. The prerequisite for IC courses is EN 109 or EN 110. The Interdisciplinary Colloquium requirement will be waived for students who successfully complete a world language course beyond the 210 level in the target language and a semester of study abroad in the target language and culture. Students who complete either the fall or spring semester program at Raystown Field Station will receive an IC waiver.

[Faculty approved IC definition on November, 2004; amended on February, 2005; November, 2005; and April 2008.]
[Addition to IC was approved by the faculty on April 1, 2015]

4. Cultural Analysis (CA)

All students are required to complete one Cultural Analysis (CA) course.  The general objective of the Cultural Analysis requirement is to develop students’ understandings of human culture and of the ways that culture affects perceptions of human life and of the world. Students both encounter and analyze different forms of cultural expression.

CA courses deal with human culture in the variety of its philosophic, literary, artistic, economic, social, political, scientific, or other forms. Each course focuses on how relationships between ideas and institutions have shaped both societies and the thoughts and behaviors of individuals and groups. Approaches may include, but are not limited to: historical approaches that examine the development of a given culture or society over time; approaches that examine encounters or conflicts between two cultures or societies; approaches that examine the variety of interactions among individuals and sub-groups within a given culture or society; or approaches that interpret or evaluate different forms of aesthetic expression. Faculty members proposing courses must include in their course proposal a description of the cultural knowledge and methods to be acquired in the course.

Cultural Analysis courses build on the skills of insightful reading, analysis, and writing acquired in the first year of study. Courses provide a basic familiarity with some concepts and methods of cultural analysis. They may be offered as either 3- or 4-credit courses. Students can also complete the CA requirement by completing corequisite courses that together meet the CA requirements and add to at least three credits. In CA courses, students make use of both primary (textual or other artifacts) and secondary sources. (Secondary works are those which interpret primary sources, or develop a method for the study of primary sources.) These primary and secondary works provide the raw materials for a synthetic project. Such projects normally include either a synthetic paper of ten or more pages, or student-generated presentations or productions (for example, original art, music or drama) accompanied by a shorter written commentary. Any project must be designed to demonstrate the student’s capacity for independent research and critical thinking. Students will be expected to show awareness of their own presuppositions and of the possibilities and limitations of their methods. Faculty members proposing courses must include in their course proposal an explanation of how course assignments will demonstrate the student’s capacity for analysis and synthesis with an appropriate degree of rigor.

CA courses are capped at 20-25 students.

The CA course may be included in a student’s Program of Emphasis but cannot be used to satisfy Liberal Arts Distribution requirements. The prerequisite for CA courses is EN 109 or EN 110. The Cultural Analysis requirement will be waived for students who successfully complete a world language course beyond the 210 level in the target language and a semester of study abroad in the target language and culture.

 [Faculty approved CA definition on November, 2004.]

C. Skills

1. Communication

To enhance communication skills, students must take at least four "C" courses (minimum 12 credits). At least two courses and six credits must be writing-based (CW); the remaining courses and credits may be speech-based (CS) or writing-based (CW). One CW course must be in the POE.

A CW course devotes considerable time to the development and assessment of writing skills. CW courses require multiple writing assignments. The total length of assignments will vary by discipline, but fifteen to twenty-five pages per semester are recommended. The methods of teaching writing also vary by discipline and by instructor, but all CW courses explicitly address the mechanics of writing and editing. Consequently, the syllabus of a CW course indicates the specific writing goals of the class, the criteria by which writing assignments will be evaluated, and the writing or style manual(s) that serve as the basis of instruction. A significant portion of class time is specifically dedicated to learning writing skills. At least 35% of the final course grade must be determined by writing assignments.

CW courses are intended to help students develop, compose, organize, revise, and edit their own writing. They develop a student's abilities to identify and define a thesis as well as to collect, organize, present, and analyze evidence and documentation to disseminate knowledge. CW courses are not limited to English only.

Instructors may incorporate various pedagogical strategies to teach effective writing. CW courses may include ungraded assignments, but all include graded assignments with clearly stated goals and opportunities to revise, rewrite, and resubmit papers. Examples of evaluation of these assignments may include written feedback from the instructor on both the writing and substance, peer review and editing in class, individual faculty-student conferences, and portfolio development.

The instructor may limit enrollment in a CW course to eighteen students with departmental approval. Those willing to work with larger numbers are welcome to do so.

All instructors of CW courses must be encouraged to participate in periodic workshops that focus on the teaching of writing. The Provost’s Office plans and coordinates the workshops. Instructors on nine-month contracts will be compensated for attending or leading a workshop that occurs during the summer or other times outside their contractual obligations. Workshop topics may include: developing the skills necessary for providing students with constructive feedback, articulating goals for courses and writing assignments, assessing the writing of international and transfer students, designing and implementing assessment rubrics, incorporating online technologies and communities as effective tools for teaching writing, evaluating text quality, or writing for specific audiences.

[Faculty approved changes to (1a) on March, 2010.

b. Communication: Speech (CS)

A speech-based (CS) course requires at least 25% of the grade be determined by two or more oral individual or group presentations, and it fulfills two requirements: (1) The course aims to develop rhetorical skills necessary for effective and creative speech in individual, group or public presentation. This may include one or more of the following: speech design and delivery, listening, negotiation, leadership, persuasion, collaboration, or decision making. (2) The course offers students at least two opportunities to demonstrate these skills. Evaluation of the first opportunity guides improvement of the second.

2. Quantitative Skills

There are two parts to the Quantitative Skills component: a statistical part (QS), and a mathematical part (QM). Courses that satisfy the statistics requirement carry a QS designation and contain elementary statistics topics such as averages, standard deviation and other measures of dispersion, as well as interpretation of data, tables, graphs, and some probability. Courses that satisfy the mathematical requirement carry a QM designation and must use a combination of algebraic, graphical, and numerical reasoning. Such courses teach students how to translate problems into mathematical language, how to solve mathematical problems, and how to interpret the solutions. Courses that carry a Q designation must fulfill the requirements for both the statistical (QS) and mathematical (QM) components.

Courses with quantitative skills components necessarily involve the use of appropriate technology.

Students have two options for fulfilling the Quantitative Skills component. They may either 1) complete a single course that carries the Q designation or 2) complete a course that fulfills a QS designation and complete a course that carries a QM designation.

[Revision to 3.1.1 Graduation Requirements was approved by the Faculty, February 5, 2014]

II.    Program of Emphasis (POE)

Juniata students often elect to develop an individualized POE. Students are encouraged to select the POE format that best serves their needs.

The Program of Emphasis (POE) is Juniata's unique approach to focused education in an academic area of a student's choosing. Somewhat similar to a traditional "major," the POE is an opportunity for students to explore in depth a particular discipline or to craft an interdisciplinary plan to study an area. With advisors' help, students draft a POE goal statement, identify classes, and develop rationale for their program. They are:

Designated – A POE of 45-63 credit hours, except as otherwise allowed for in Section 3.3.1. Designated POEs have been proposed by a department or program and approved by the Curriculum committee. No student rationale is required.

Individualized – A POE of 45-63 credits designed by the student in consultation with faculty advisors, except as otherwise allowed for in Section 3.3.1. Individualized POEs are intended to meet particular student needs with unique combinations of courses. Approval requires students to write a rationale that describes how the courses they have listed help them reach the academic goals of the POE.

Secondary Emphases will not be a part of the POE; they will have a separate status, separate paperwork, and will be recorded separately on the student's transcript. For each department, a secondary emphasis description can be found on the department's website. The general guideline is: 18 credits with at least 6 of them are upper level.

1.    All secondary emphases are designated by a department or program.

2.    The secondary emphasis must contain a minimum of 18 credits.

[Faculty approved (1) and (2) on December, 2006.]

III.   A minimum of 120 credit hours with a grade of D- or better, including the courses described above.

IV. A minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0 on a 4.0 scale.

V.    Residency Policy

Students are allowed to transfer credits during their last semester within the provisions of the transfer policy. However, 30 of the last 36 credits must be taken in residence. There are degree requirements that are unique to Juniata and may not be completed elsewhere. Students participating in cooperative programs, study abroad programs, and other Juniata-approved programs are considered to be in residence.

Revision to 3.1.1, II was approved by the faculty, November 6, 2014.
Refision to 3.1.1, II was approved by the faculty, February 4, 2015.
Refision to 3.1.1.,II was approved by the faculty, April 1, 2015.


3.1.2 Grades Grading Policy

For each course faculty members should develop a clear policy on attendance and grading which should be stated unambiguously to the student at the beginning of the course, preferably in the course syllabus. The policy should explain the relative value of class work, field trips, papers, and final examinations. Changes during the term in the system must be announced clearly to the students, preferably in writing.

Although the instructor sets the grading policy, s/he should not do it arbitrarily, for the policy should represent the best measure of the student's achievement. While setting the grading policy, the instructor should consider his/her expectations of students in terms of exams, papers, and other coursework. If attendance in the classroom is considered vital to the learning experience of the student, it may enter into the calculation of the grade, but if the course is conducted in such a manner that the student can progress equally well by completing his/her assignments whether s/he attends class or not, then classroom attendance is not a legitimate indicator of the student’s progress and should not enter into the computation of the grade. Definitions Regular Grade Designations

A indicates work of the highest excellence, showing a superior grasp of the content as well as independent and creative thinking in the subject.

B signifies unusual achievement wherein the student reveals exceptional insight and ability.

C is given for satisfactory achievement on the college level where the work of the course has been conscientious and shows no considerable deficiency in either quality or quantity.

D indicates that the work of the course is of less than average or of marginal quality.

F signifies work which is distinctly unsatisfactory at the college level.

The above grades may be qualified by the use of a plus (+) or minus (-). For the permanent record, a grade point average (GPA) is compiled and the GPA appears on the transcript. The following equivalents should be used for calculating the GPA:

A     = 4.00

A-     = 3.67

B+   = 3.33

B     = 3.00

B-      = 2.67

C+   = 2.33

C     = 2.00

C-      = 1.67

D+ = 1.33

D     = 1.00

D-     = 0.67

F      = 0.00

S      = Satisfactory

U     = Unsatisfactory

Performance in a few courses is graded as S or U , but in the majority of courses, the grades listed above are given. Only grades of A(-), B(+,-), C(+,-), D(+,-), and S are given credit toward a degree. AU (Audits)

Performance in audit classes are given a grade of AU. This is given regardless of the students' participation. Audits cannot be changed after the drop/add period and it is up to the faculty to determine at what level a student should participate in their class. There is no withdrawal from audit coursework, if a student stops attending, they will still receive an auditing with no grade or credit. Irregular Grade Designations

In addition to the regular grade designations, the following irregular grades are used as occasion may demand:

I (incomplete).—At the discretion of the faculty member involved, a grade of incomplete may be submitted. This option is to be used sparingly, however, and only when the student has given a satisfactory explanation (such as extended illness or accident) for failure to complete a required piece of work. Otherwise, a student receives an F for a course which is not completed. Simple preference on the part of the student for an extension of time is not regarded as sufficient cause for granting an incomplete. Upon the granting of an incomplete, the student must complete the work within three weeks of the beginning of the next semester of the academic year or an F automatically will be recorded. Any exceptions to this policy must be approved in writing by both the instructor and the Registrar.

WF or WP (withdrawal).—A withdrawal grade of WF or WP is recorded when a student drops a course after the official drop/add period at the beginning of the semester and before the withdrawal deadline.  WP signifies that at the time of the withdrawal the student was passing the course, while a WF signifies that at the time of the withdrawal the student was failing the course; WP and WF grades are not calculated into the GPA.  Unofficial withdrawals from all courses are recorded as F.  Withdrawals from class are considered unofficial if the student fails to make satisfactory arrangements at the Office of the Registrar. 

Withdrawal from courses may impact financial aid and/or inter-collegiate athletic eligibility. Students are encouraged to discuss these implications with family, faculty advisors, coaches, and counselors from Financial Planning or the Dean of Students Office.

A student is permitted a maximum of four withdrawals from courses taken at Juniata College during the undergraduate career.  Allowances for medical withdrawals and other unusual circumstances may be made via appeal to the Student Academic Development Committee.

W (withdrawal).—If a student withdraws from the College during a semester with the Dean of Students approval , the Registrar will enter a grade of "W" for all registered but not completed courses. "W" grades are not calculated in the student's cumulative GPA, but may have other ramifications. Students who withdraw during a semester may still have financial obligations to the College. Students are encouraged to discuss these matters with family, faculty advisors and counselors from Financial Planning and the Dean of Students Office.

If students withdraw from all classes (withdrawal from the College), they must apply to the Student Academic Development Committee through the Registrar to be readmitted. Notification of Grades Mid-term Notices

Midway through the semester faculty will send a mid-term notice to each individual student who is doing less than C work in a particular course. This notice is intended to make students aware of unsatisfactory performance in a course at a time when they have a chance to adjust to problems which could prevent them from achieving a passing grade. Final Grades

Faculty members must report final grades to the Registrar within forty-eight hours of giving an exam. Prompt notification to students depends on prompt processing of submitted grades. Final Grades, once submitted, may not be changed except under unusual circumstances and then must be accompanied by rationale and approved by the Provost.

Grade reports will be posted by the Registrar’s Office at the conclusion of each semester.

Performance in all courses should be reported to the Registrar by the faculty as A, B, C, D, or F (+ and -) with the exception of those courses specifically authorized by the Curriculum Committee for the S/U grading system. Grades of F should have an accompanying explanation. The Transcript

The transcript is a complete record of a student's coursework (identified by course name, catalog number, and semester of registration), credit earned, grades (including W) and quality points assigned, and cumulative grade point average based on all attempted courses graded A, B, C, D, or F (+ or -). In addition, the following academic actions are reported on the transcript: Deans' List, graduation honors, probation, suspension, dismissal, military LOA, and some program certification notices.

A copy of the official transcript may be released by the Registrar’s Office upon written request of a student. Grade Appeal

The assignment of grades for academic work is an important matter which falls within the professional responsibility of each individual faculty member. Grades are determined in such a way as to reflect as accurately as possible student performance according to criteria available to the student and to protect the academic freedom both of the faculty member and the student. There is an inherently subjective element to grading, but it does not follow from this that grading is done in an arbitrary fashion.

A student may dispute a grade given in or for a course. When this occurs, the student should follow the appeal procedure outlined below. The faculty member issuing the grade has final authority and responsibility for determining that grade.

Within two weeks of the time the questioned grade is received, the student should talk to the faculty member who assigned the grade and attempt to resolve the issue.

If the course is team taught and no resolution is achieved, the student may request, where course policy permits, a second faculty opinion from another section leader in the course selected by the director of the course. If this is permissible and the opinion of the second leader differs from the opinion of the first in the disputed grade, the course syllabus or past practice in the course should specify how these different opinions are resolved. Where there are recognized past practices, these should be included in the course syllabus.

If no resolution of the grade dispute is achieved after steps 1 or 2, the student should discuss the matter with the department chairperson or course director. In this case, the function of the chairperson or director is to attempt to determine the relevant facts and mediate the disagreement.

If no resolution is achieved at step 3, the matter may be referred by the student or the faculty member to the Provost, whose function it is to mediate the disagreement. The Provost will confer privately with the faculty member and the student and may call additional witnesses. Following this process, the faculty member communicates to the student the final decision. This step is the final step in the appeal process.

It is expected that a final decision will be made within four weeks of the time the questioned grade is received. All parties are requested to adhere to the deadlines. Final Examinations

Testing is basically an educational service to the student. When examinations are given, the primary purpose should be to provide an opportunity for the student to respond creatively and systematically to the instruction which s/he has had. Secondarily, the results may be used as a basis of grading. The teacher has a professional obligation to review tests seriously, pointing out for the benefit of the student both the strengths and inadequacies of his/her work. The tests should be returned promptly with grade and comment.

Written examinations are usually given in each course during the examination period at the end of the semester. Final examinations must be taken during the designated final examination period at the end of each semester. (This means faculty are not permitted to schedule final examinations during the last week of classes or during Reading Day.) The schedule is prepared by the Registrar, and students are expected to take examinations at the announced times. Exceptions to this rule may be granted by the Registrar in consultation with the Curriculum Committee if the Registrar deems it necessary.

Standing practice has set an unofficial guideline that final examinations, if given, are to be calculated at between one-third and one-half of the final grade. Final examinations may be repeated. In addition to final exams, faculty members are strongly urged to give frequent quizzes and tests throughout the semester, with or without advance notice. College Academic Integrity Policy

Judicial Board Membership

The Judicial Board conducts hearings in which students have been charged with violating Juniata College policy. The Board is comprised of three faculty members, two students (appointed by the Student Government), one administrator from Student Affairs, and one administrator from Academic Affairs. The Judicial Board is chaired by a representative from the Provost’s Office, typically either the Assistant Provost or the Dean of Students (or other appropriate appointee). A recording secretary appointed by the Judicial Board Chairperson is also present.

Each Judicial Board is selected from a pool of eight faculty members, five students designated by the Student Government and all members of the Academic Affairs and Student Affairs staff.

Procedures for Judicial Board Hearings

Major misconduct and/or repeat minor misconduct which violates the Student Code of Conduct or the Academic Integrity Policy, may result in referral to the Judicial Board.

If a student has been referred to the Judicial Board for a hearing, the accused student shall be informed in writing of the charges at least 48 hours in advance of any hearing. The notice shall include a copy of the hearing procedures. Students appearing before the Judicial Board may have an advisor from the college community and/or parents/guardian(s) attend the hearing.

The hearing is private (closed).

The student may call a reasonable number of witnesses on his or her behalf. Witnesses are subject to questioning by members of the Judicial Board.

The student must inform the chairperson 24 hours in advance of the hearing if he or she intends to have witnesses appear. The notification must include the names of any proposed witnesses and their relevance to the situation.

If the student does not appear, the hearing will be held in absentia and the student may be additionally charged with failure to comply.

When a student appears before the Judicial Board, the Chair reminds the student that he or she is expected to tell the truth. If it is later discovered that a student has been dishonest and/or misrepresented himself or herself to the Board, that student is eligible for suspension from the college.

On behalf of the college, the Chairperson of the Judicial Board presents the charge(s) against the student.

The student shall have an opportunity to make an opening statement.

In the specific case of a charge of academic integrity, the faculty member presents the evidence of the violation to the Board. The student is responsible for presenting any evidence in defense of himself or herself. The burden of proof is on the faculty member. The student and the faculty member may question any witness and inspect any document offered as evidence and make whatever statement or argument appears to be appropriate.

After the student’s opening statement (and presentation of evidence from the faculty member for academic integrity charges), the Board may address questions to any party or witness summoned, but shall limit the scope of the testimony to matters relevant to the charges. (The Board may request the presence of any witness deemed necessary for the hearing.).

The student and/or advisor may not directly question any witnesses. However, the student and/or advisor may suggest questions to the Judicial Board to ask of witnesses.

At the end of the question and answer period, the student and/or advisor(s) and parent(s)/guardian(s) have the opportunity to make closing statements.

Following the conclusion of the hearing, the Board shall deliberate in private.

The Board shall, by majority vote, make a determination as to whether there has been a violation of Juniata policy and recommend sanctions. The Board provides its recommendation to the hearing chairperson. The hearing chairperson will inform the student of the recommendation(s). The chairperson of the hearing prepares a final report documenting the hearing and the final decision.

The Dean of Students will officially notify the student charged of the final decision and any sanction imposed.


A student has 48 hours from the hearing conclusion to submit an appeal in writing to the hearing chairperson. Failure to submit the appeal within the time allotted renders the decision final.

The Chairperson refers the appeal to the Provost . A decision on the appeal will be made within 48 hours and is based on the letter of appeal and the case file. The Provost may remand the case to the Judicial Board only if he/she specifies procedural errors that denied the student a fair hearing, or if additional significant evidence becomes available.

The Provost shall send a copy of the written decision on the appeal to the student, the faculty member, and the hearing chairperson.

The decision of the Provost shall be final.

Rights of Students Charged

Certain procedural rights are normally afforded a student charged with a disciplinary violation of college policy.

The right to have one’s case processed without undue delay.

Written notice (including email) of the charges and the regulation upon which the charges are based no less than 48 hours before the scheduled hearing.

Written notice of the time, place and date of the hearing. (Students are responsible for checking their electronic Inbox and mailboxes daily.)

The right, but not the obligation, to be present at an Administrative Hearing.

The right to testify on one’s own behalf or to remain silent.

The right to be presumed innocent.

The right to be assisted in one’s defense by any member of the college community of one’s own choosing.

The right of appeal.

Following an alleged act of student misconduct, and until final disposition of the charges, the status of a student shall not be altered or his or her right to be present on campus and to attend classes suspended, except for reasons relating to his or her physical or emotional safety and the well-being of other students, faculty or college property, or for reasons relating to the protection of the normal functions of the college.

Case Records

Records of judicial proceedings shall be kept confidential in accordance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Case Records shall remain part of the student’s files, but will not be noted on the official college transcript. Case Records will be expunged upon the student’s graduation.

3.1.3 Registration Procedures and Policies

Normally students preregister for classes on-line midway through the previous semester, but registration changes can be made during the first seven class days of each semester, known as the drop/add period. During this period students may adjust their schedule by adding and/or dropping classes, and latecomers can register for the semester. Students make changes to their schedules with advisors’ approval. Failure to register during the scheduled preregistration may result in a late registration fee of $50. Normal Course Load

The normal course load for freshmen and upper-class students is 30 semester hours of credit per academic year. Normally students who complete an average of 15 credits per semester graduate in four years. Freshmen often opt to take lighter loads during the first few semesters and heavier loads later. Any course load above 18 credits per semester is considered an overload and will have the overload fee applied to the student's account. Overload Policy

In special cases, an upper-class student may register for an overload. An overload charge is made for all credit hours attempted above 18 per academic semester. The upper-class student who wishes to take more than 19 hours of credit must have an outstanding academic record, including satisfactory completion of all courses attempted and must obtain by petition the consent of the Student Academic Development Committee. No student may take more than 21 credit hours per semester.

Excluding advanced placement credit, freshmen normally are not permitted to receive credit for more than 34 credit hours that academic year. A freshman may take more than 18 semester hours of credit only during the second semester and must fulfill two special requirements: (a) satisfactory completion of all first semester courses attempted, and (b) approval by advisors and/or other appropriate faculty as determined by the Registrar.

If a student registers for an overload and then withdraws from the College, a refund will be made according to the refund policy explained under Student Finances. No refunds are given for course withdrawal from an overload after the drop/add period. Some courses extend over more than one term. All courses must be completed, however, within one academic year, not including the summer. All special arrangements for programs must be made in the Registrar's Office. Auditing Courses

Persons who wish to audit classes may make arrangements with the Registrar to attend one or more courses without receiving grades or credit. The decision to audit a course must be made by the end of the drop/add period. The transcript does carry notations of audited courses. Permission of the course instructor is necessary and an auditing fee must be paid in the Business Office. This fee is waived for students enrolled in a regular full-time College program, but occasional academic course fees remain in effect (lab and field trip fees, etc.). Repeating Courses

Students who wish to repeat courses for which they have already received credit must obtain the permission of the Registrar. Although credit may not be granted twice for a particular course, in cases where a course is repeated both grades will be used to calculate final grade point average. Independent Study, Credit by Examination, Tutorial, and Special Topics Courses

A student may wish to pursue studies not listed as course offerings. In such a case, independent study may be appropriate. Requests for independent study are handled by the Curriculum Committee through the Registrar's Office. Independent Study

Students applying for an Independent Study must make arrangements with a faculty member and register for the course (using forms available in the Registrar's Office and on the Registrar's website) two weeks prior to the semester in which the credit will be earned. The instructor will designate a syllabus, text, or other materials required and will submit to the Registrar an explanation of course requirements (i.e., examinations, papers, and faculty-student conferences). A student may enroll for no more than two Independent Studies in a semester. An Independent Study is considered an upper level course; no more than two Independent Studies are permitted in a POE. Independent studies will carry no Liberal Arts Distribution or Skills designations without the approval of Curriculum Committee. Independent studies will carry no Common Experiences designations. Credit by Exams

Students may be given credit for some courses without participation in class meetings but by meeting all other requirements of the courses. To determine if a course is available for Credit by Examination (CBE), the student should consult the faculty member who is currently teaching the course. If the course is not currently offered a faculty member who has taught the course at least once in the last three years may conduct the course on a CBE basis. A course may be offered CBE only to full-time Juniata students. CBE is intended to be used as an option when scheduling conflicts prevent a student from scheduling a course required for graduation, which will not be available in any other semester prior to their graduation and cannot be fulfilled by any other course. The decision to offer a course CBE rests solely with the faculty member responsible for the course, since not all courses lend themselves to Credit by Examination (e.g., courses dependent on discussions and field trips and laboratory courses). The faculty member currently responsible for a course is NOT obligated to offer the course CBE in a given semester, as each faculty member must consider their own previously scheduled work load. The deadline for CBE registration is the end of the drop/add period during the semester in which the course is to be taken. Independent Study and CBE courses are considered part of the normal load of a student and, if taken as an overload, are subject to the usual overload fee. Tutorial

In a tutorial the faculty instructor and the student work closely on a regularly scheduled basis involving lectures, demonstrations, explanations, and evaluation. The purpose of the tutorial is to enable a student to pursue a study which is too complex either in nature or scope to address as an independent study. Through regular contact with the instructor the student will benefit of his/her expertise on a highly individualized basis.

During the Summer Session, a student may register for one Independent Study, Credit by Examination, or Tutorial if enrolling concurrently in one regularly offered course.

All forms can be found here: Special Topics Courses

Faculty members may offer courses as a "special topic" with the approval of their departmental chair. Special topics courses are numbered as 199, 299, 399, or 499, where the course level is indicatd by the first digit. Such courses provide a means for instructors to (1) teach topics which are of timely but ephemeral interest, or (2) teach a course on a trial basis before formal review by the Curriculum Committee. They are expected to be as academically rigorous as designated courses. Special topic courses may be offered three times before a formal course proposal must be submitted to the Curriculum Committee. Special topics courses may be included in a student's POE, but they may not carry liberal arts distribution designations (see section 3.3.1, l) unless approved by the Curriculum Committee. Transfer Policy

Juniata does not accept in transfer any coursework below a grade of "C-" nor coursework of a strictly technical or remedial nature, nor physical education coursework, nor coursework from a non-regionally accredited institution. Special circumstances may affect the transferability of an individual student record. These cases will be handled on an individual basis and decisions will be based on Juniata's academic policy. An official credit evaluation will be completed by the Office of the Registrar after a student has been admitted to Juniata.

Transfer without a Degree Students transferring without an Associate Degree will have their work evaluated on a course-by-course basis. Courses equivalent to Juniata's curriculum course description will be granted direct course equivalence. Coursework accepted in transfer may be used to meet both liberal arts graduation requirements and Program of Emphasis requirements.

Transfer with an A.A. or an A.S. Degree Juniata currently has a formal transfer agreement with Harrisburg Area Community College (PA), Community College of Allegheny County (Pittsburgh, PA), Cambria County Area Community College (Johnstown, PA), and Keystone College (La Plume, PA).

Students who possess an "AA" or appropriate "AS" degree from an accredited institution and wish to transfer to Juniata will be granted junior standing. Students would be awarded a minimum of 56 semester hours, a maximum of 60 semester hours, regardless of course equivalence. Courses will be granted direct course equivalence. All Juniata graduation requirements must be met. Coursework accepted in transfer may be used to meet both liberal arts and Program of Emphasis requirements; however, it may take the student more than the remaining 60-64 semester hours to complete all graduation requirements. Transfer Credit

Transfer credit is granted only for academically-valid courses in which the student earns a grade of C- or higher. Transfer credit is granted in the form of a comparable course, distribution credit, or elective credit. Credit is only awarded for courses taken at a similarly accredited institution. Students who take courses at schools without a similar regional accreditation must provide syllabi for all courses for individual evaluation by the Registrar's office and departmental review. If the course is too focused or outside our curriculum delivery, no credit will be granted.

Current students wishing to transfer credit back to Juniata must obtain pre-approval by completing a “Request for Clearance of Transfer Credit” form available in the Registrar's Office. On this form, the appropriate department chair will note the comparable Juniata course(s) (consulting as needed with the most recent instructor of the comparable course), and the student's advisors will indicate approval. For courses not deemed comparable with a Juniata offering, decisions will be made by the Registrar with advice from the appropriate department and the Student Academic Development Committee as appropriate. It is the student's responsibility to obtain information about the course and present this information to advisors and the department chair(s).

Students who enter Juniata with fewer than 24 credit hours may apply no more than 15 transfer credits toward a Juniata degree after their initial entry. No more than eight of these 15 credits can be included in the POE. Students who enter Juniata with 24 or more credit hours may transfer credit according to the following chart.

# of credits awarded      total # transfer credits   # transfer credits allowed

upon entry                         allowed after entry         in POE after entry

0 - 23.99                               15                                           8

24 - 53.99                             9                                              4

54 - 86.99                             6                                              0

87 or more                          0                                              0

Exceptions may be made for students participating in cooperative programs, study abroad programs, and other Juniata-approved programs.

Students taking a leave of absence to study at another institution whether abroad or domestic, that is not a Juniata-approved program, must obtain pre-approval by completing a "Request for Clearance of Transfer Credit" form available in the Registrar's Office. These requests are subject to the guidelines listed above.

Students who have earned an associate degree elsewhere are awarded credit as indicated in the Admission section of this catalog.  Students transferring to Juniata from an accredited institution without a degree (including those that previously attended Juniata) are awarded credit as indicated in the Admissions section of this catalog. 

[Faculty approved changes to Transfer Policy on February, 2011.]
[Faculty approved changes to Independent Study on February 5, 2014.] Advanced Placement Credit

Juniata encourages students to pursue additional credits through the Advanced Placement process. Incoming freshmen with scores of 4 or 5 on an Advanced Placement test may be offered Juniata credits. Selected Advanced Placement tests have been designated by the appropriate academic programs as equivalent to one or more Juniata courses. If the student accepts Advanced Placement credit for such a test, the student is then exempt from taking the equivalent course(s) and in fact may not take the course(s) for additional credit. If an Advanced Placement test is not designated equivalent to a Juniata course or courses, general credits in the appropriate division (Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities) may still be offered.

Test scores arrive at the end of July and are reviewed by the Registrar's Office. During the first week of school, students will receive a letter in their campus mailboxes with a form that directs them to department chairpersons for discussions about whether they will accept their AP test scores for college credit and/or direct course equivalency. Such meetings should preferably happen during the drop/add period (the first 7 class days of the semester).

A student who receives a sufficient number of Advanced Placement credits will be granted sophomore status.

To have scores sent to Juniata: Go to or call 1-877-274-6477.

3.1.4 Classroom Policies Class Attendance

Unless notice is given to the contrary by the course instructor, Juniata College expects every student to attend all classes without fail. Regular attendance of classes is necessary to reasonable progress for most students, and it is assumed that the faculty can stimulate attendance by the skill and imagination displayed in courses.

Faculty members have an obligation to make students aware, in writing, of their policy regarding absences from class, grading criteria, and examination policies. This information should be available during the first four days of the term in order that students may recognize schedule conflicts or prerequisite problems in time to take advantage of the Drop/Add period.

The faculty member is expected at all times to be familiar with the attendance behavior of his/her students, and should maintain such records as are necessary to achieve this end.

If a student is absent and approaches the faculty member for assistance in making up the missed work, the faculty member is expected to assist in so far as possible if the absence was for one of the following reasons: the student’s illness, the illness of an immediate member of the family, a college-approved activity, or some emergency. For other reasons assistance may be given to the student at the discretion of the faculty member. In special cases, the Dean of Students may certify the absence of a student for medical reasons on the request of a faculty member.

A college-approved activity is an educational field trip approved by the Dean, participation in an extracurricular activity approved by the Student Affairs Council, or, on occasion, a special event approved by the Provost. Field Trips

Juniata recognizes that field trips are important experiential learning events, and encourages faculty whose courses are affected to make every effort to accommodate students whose courses include planned trips.

Faculty wishing to schedule mandatory out-of class field trips are required to include the field trip dates in the course syllabus prior to the end of the drop/add period. Absences During Election Campaigns

The participation of students in November elections can be a valuable educational experience. The fourth paragraph of the above policy is adequate to cover absences for this purpose. A student may be excused by the faculty member with the privilege of making up missed work but the student must give prior notice to the faculty member of his/her intention to be absent for a stated period of time to engage in such activities. If the faculty member wishes to do so, s/he may require that on return, the student present bona fide evidence validating the reason for the absence. Cancellation of Classes

Noting the very high number of canceled classes during the week prior to vacations, the faculty has gone on record as condemning the practice of canceling classes on the day before or the day after vacations. Any exceptions should be cleared with the Provost.

3.1.5 Progress Toward A Degree Class Standing

Class standing and satisfactory progress are measured on the basis of a student’s ability to complete his/her studies in four years by carrying a normal course load each semester. A student is making satisfactory progress and has achieved the class standing at the semester credit hour intervals as listed below:

 Freshman           0 - 23.99

 Sophomore       24 - 53.99

 Junior                   54 - 86.99

 Senior                  87 and above Academic Standards of Progress

The maintenance of good academic standing requires students to meet several standards.

Any student whose semester or cumulative grade point average at any time falls below 1.00 may be academically dismissed. Any student whose semester grade point average falls below 1.66 at any time will be placed automatically on academic probation. In addition, any student whose cumulative average falls below those in the following table will be placed on academic probation. In addition to meeting the grade point average requirements, students must show appropriate progress toward degree completion. Full-time students must successfully complete 24 academic credits prior to the beginning of the third semester; 48 academic credits prior to the beginning of the fifth semester; and 72 academic credits prior to the beginning of the seventh semester. Any student failing to meet these standards is placed on Academic Probation and is required to complete 12 credits in the subsequent semester. Failure to complete 12 credits (in the subsequent semester) results in suspension or dismissal. A second failure to meet these standards of progress will result in suspension or dismissal. Students have the right to appeal suspension and dismissal.

Credit Hours Attempted               Grade Point Average

0 - 35.99                                               1.66

36 - 61.99                                             1.80

62 - 89.99                                             1.95

90 or more                                          2.00

Students on Academic Probation will be evaluated at mid-term to determine adherence to Academic Probation contracts. Students failing to meet requirements of Academic Probation contracts may be suspended or dismissed at mid-semester. Students have the right to appeal suspension and dismissal. Students on probation must achieve good standing in the next semester or face suspension or dismissal. In addition, any student who accumulates three semesters of probation will be suspended or dismissed. Also, any student on academic probation will be counseled regarding possible limitation or curtailment of his or her participation in co-curricular and/or employment activities. Students who have not satisfactorily completed the College Writing Seminar course by the end of the sophomore year are automatically dismissed. Academic Standards of Progress are established by the faculty and monitored by the Student Academic Development Committee in conjunction with the Registrar.

The implementation of probationary requirements and the determination of the fulfillment of graduation requirements are duties of the Registrar. Notification of any actions comes from that office and are sent to a student's parents unless the student signs a form preventing such notification. Development and interpretation of policies are the function of the Student Academic Development Committee. Leave of Absence

Students who want to pursue a program of study at another institution, engage in other off-campus educational experiences, and/or address personal issues without severing their connection with Juniata may request a leave of absence. A leave of absence is granted only with written approval from the Dean of Students Office in consultation with the Registrar. A student requesting a leave of absence must be in good academic standing. Absent extraordinary circumstances, a leave of absence will not exceed one-year.

Any student who plans to take a leave of absence should consult the Registrar, Student Financial Planning, and The Dean of Students Office.

Voluntary Medical Leave of Absence:

When a student's health impedes normal academic progress and/or a situation requires a student to leave the College for one or more weeks, the student may seek a voluntary medical leave of absence. A medical leave of absence is granted through the Dean of Students Office in consultation with the Registrar. The student will be required to submit supporting documentation from his or her medical/health care provider to substantiate the need for the leave. A student on a medical leave of absence will be required to submit documentation from his or her medical/health care provider attesting to the student's ability to return from the leave of absence (and outlining any reasonable accommodations, if applicable) prior to expiration of the leave of absence.

Upon receiving notification of an approved medical leave of absence, the Registrar will enter a "W" grade for all registered but not completed courses in the current semester. "W" grades are not calculated into the student's cumulative GPA, but may impact progress towards the degree standards. A student who is granted a medical leave of absence may still have financial obligations to the college. The student should consult with Accounting Services and Student Financial Planning to clarify any outstanding financial obligations.

Involuntary Medical Leave of Absence:

A student may be required to take an involuntary medical leave of absence in situations where the student is a threat to his own health and safety or the health and safety of others, or where the student's illness or behavior interferes with the academic pursuits of the student or others or interferes with the regular activities of the College community. The student will be notified by the Dean of Students of the reasons for the involuntary leave and any conditions for the student's return. The student will be required to submit documentation from the student's medical/health care provider attesting to the student's ability to return from such a leave (and outlining any reasonable accommodations, if applicable). Supporting documentation, along with the student's written request to return to the College, must be received by the Dean of Students at least 30 days prior to the first day of the semester in which the student wishes to return. This is designed to provide the College with sufficient time to evaluate the documentation and the student's request to return as well as to ensure that the student no longer presents any potential threat.

A student on an Involuntary Medical Leave of Absence will receive a "W" grade for all registered but not completed courses in the current semester. "W" grades are not calculated into the student's cumulative GPA and will not be reviewed for academic progress. Financial obligations to the College will be pro-rated based upon the date of involuntary medical leave.

Military Leave of Absence:

A student who receives orders to report for active military duty should contact the Dean of Students Office. The student should be prepared to present a copy of military orders (if timing does not permit an initial presentation of military orders, the student may begin the leave process by submitting, in writing, a personally signed request indicating times and dates of intended call-up). However, when available, a copy of the military orders must be provided in order for the leave process to be completed and any financial reimbursements made.

The Dean of Student Office will notify the Registrar's Office, Accounting Services, Student Financial Planning Office and if appropriate the Office of Residential Life to expedite the military leave of absence process. The Registrar will enter a grade of "W" for all registered but not completed courses in the current semester. If the leave occurs late in the semester, the student may arrange for a final graded evaluation of his/her course work or take Incompletes for all remaining coursework. The Registrar will add the notation of "Military Leave of Absence" to the student's transcript.

The Student Financial Planning Office will provide information on the status of the student's financial aid, including information on deferring any loan payments.

The College will refund complete tuition payments to a student who processes a military leave of absence for the current semester. Room and board charges will be prorated based upon the date of the military leave of absence (No refunds can be made until the College has received a copy of the military orders calling the student to active duty).

Upon completion of active military duty, the student will be automatically readmitted to the College by notifying the Registrar's Office in writing of his/her intent to resume academic study at Juniata . All rights, privileges, academic status and rank are resumed at the same level as prior to the Military Leave of Absence.

Medical Withdrawal:

A student may make a request for a medical withdrawal from a course, or withdrawal for other extraordinary circumstances, through the Dean of Students Office or the Student Academic Development Committee. A request for a medical withdrawal must be accompanied by supporting documentation from the student's medical/health care provider.

Upon receiving notification of an approved medical withdrawal, the Registrar will enter a grade of "W" which will not be calculated in the student's cumulative GPA. Medical withdrawals may impact College progress- towards-the-degree standards. Students are encouraged to discuss these implications with family, faculty advisors and counselors from Financial Planning or the Dean of Students Office.

Withdrawal from College:

If a student is considering withdrawing from the College, an appointment should be arranged through the Dean of Students Office. A decision to withdraw from the College may have broad implications including as to the student's financial aid. A student should meet with the Dean of Students Office to discuss withdrawal procedures and to complete the appropriate clearance forms.

If a student withdraws from the College during a semester, the Registrar will enter a grade of "W" for all registered but not completed courses. "W" grades are not calculated in the student's cumulative GPA, but may have other ramifications. Students who withdraw during a semester may still have financial obligations to the College. Students are encouraged to discuss these matters with family, faculty advisors and counselors from Financial Planning and the Dean of Students Office.

3.1.6 Academic Honors Dean's List

At the end of each semester, the Provost announces the Dean's List. Matriculated students are named to the Dean's List when:

1.    they have taken at least 12 graded credits,

2.    they achieve an average of 3.60 or better, and

3.    they have no unsatisfactory grades.

A notation of Dean's List achievement appears on the transcript.

Juniata students studying abroad will not be eligible for the Dean's List. Students who are partner degree visiting students and visiting non degree students are also not eligible for this notation. Graduation Honors

Honors are conferred at commencement ceremonies according to the following grade point average scale:

summa cum laude           3.90-4.0

magna cum laude           3.75-3.89

cum laude                           3.60-3.74

Students who are partner degree visiting students are not eligible for graduation honors. Honor Societies

The Juniata College Honor Society is a group of junior and senior students elected on the basis of outstanding academic achievement and leadership ability. Other honor and honorary societies on campus also recognize students for their accomplishments: Alpha Phi Sigma (criminal justice), Beta Beta Beta (biology), Lambda Pi Eta (speech communication), The Masque (theatre), Omicron Delta Kappa (leadership), Phi Alpha (social work), Phi Alpha Theta (history), Pi Lambda Theta (education), Pi Sigma Alpha (politics), Psi Chi (psychology), Rho Epsilon Chapter of Gamma Sigma Epsilon (chemistry), Sigma Gamma Epsilon (geology), Sigma Iota Rho (international studies), Sigma Pi Sigma (physics), Sigma Tau Delta (english) and Tau Pi Phi (accounting, business and economics). Distinction in the POE

To achieve distinction in the POE, a student must fulfill all graduation requirements and complete a senior experience that integrates several areas of their POE. This requirement can be fulfilled in many ways. Some possibilities might include: an original independent creative project that involves significant academic work, such as laboratory research resulting in a significant report; a major paper on a well-defined project; a body of artistic work equivalent to a major exhibition or performance; or field experience (e.g., student teaching or certain internships) culminating in a significant report. The project must be evaluated and judged worthy of distinction in the POE by two faculty members, at least one of whom must be from the home department. The project must also be presented in a forum open to all interested parties, either at Juniata or to an outside audience such as the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR). 

Departments and programs will be free to establish further requirements for receiving distinction in the POE, including higher GPA requirements.

Departments shall forward the names and forms of successful candidates for distinction to the Registrar’s Office.

Revision to 3.1 (Provost) was approved by the faculty, November 6, 2014.