Health Professions

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Essential Courses


Course # Title Credit Hours Prerequisites
BI 105 Biological Diversity and Ecology 3 None
BI 121 Biology Lab I 1 BI 105 (corequisite)
BI 106 Structure and Function of Cells and Organisms 3 BI 105 and CH 105
BI 122 Biology Lab II 1 BI 105 and BI 121 (prerequuisites)
CH 142 Integrated Chemistry Principles I 3 None
CH 143 Integrated Chemistry Principles I Lab 1 CH 142 (corequisite)
CH 144 Integrated Chemistry Principles II 3 CH 142
CH 145 Integrated Chemistry Principles II Lab 1 CH 144 (corequisite)
CH 242 Integrated Chemistry: Organic 3 CH 144
CH 243 Integrated Chemistry: Organic Lab 1 CH 242 (corequisite)
CH 342 Integrated Chemistry: Biochemistry 3 CH 242
CH 247 Bioanalytical Chemistry Lab 1 CH 145
BI 207 Dynamics Of Biological Processes 4 BI 106, CH 106, and CH 232
PC 200 General Physics I 3 PC 206 (corequisite)
PC 202 Introductory Physics I 3 MA 13, MA 230 and PC 206 (corequisites)
PC 206 Physics Lab I 1 PC 200 or PC 202 (corequisite)
PC 201 General Physics II 3 PC 200; PC 207 (corequisite)
PC 203 Introductory Physics II 3 PC 202 and MA 130; PC 207 (corequisite)
PC 207 Physics Lab II 1 PC 201 or PC 203 (corequisite)
MA 220 Intro. to Probability & Statistics 4 MA 130
BI 305 Biostatistics 4 BI 106 or EES 100
ND SS 214 Statistics for Social Sciences 4 None
MA 130 Calculus I 4 None
PY 101 Introduction to Psychology 3 None
BI 231 Microbiology I 3 BI 106 and CH 106; BI 232 (corequisite)
BI 232 Microbiology I Lab 1 BI 231 (corequisite)
BI 331 Microbiology II 3 BI 207; BI 332 (corequisite)
BI 332 Microbiology II Lab 1 BI 331 (corequisite)
EN ___ English Course (in addition to CWS) 3 Varies

Important Notes:

  1. Strongly recommend anatomy and physiology. Also recommend neurobiology, molecular biology, genetics, experimental and physiological psychology, foreign language (especially Spanish), sociology, economics, business courses, communication courses, and ethics.
  2. These courses reflect program requirements for our affiliation the Salus University Pennsylvania College of Optometry only. Although this course list will be sufficient for most other programs, make sure to check requirements of other schools in which you are interested no later than your sophomore year.
  3. This course list does NOT represent a POE, nor does it cover College requirements. Design a POE in consultation with your advisor. Note: If you are in a 3 +_ program, course work during the first year of professional school can count toward upper level POE requirements.
  4. Make sure to have an advisor on the Health Professions Committee, preferably Dr. James Borgardt.
  5. In addition to your course work you are urged to gain some experience in optometry either during the school year or over the summer.


Salus University Pennsylvania College of Optometry
Regular Progression (4 years at Juniata) OR 3 + 4 B.S./O.D Program
Classes Credits
General Biology with Lab 1 year
General Chemistry with Lab 1 year
Organic Chemistry with Lab 1 year
Organic Chemistry with Lab (1/2 year) and 1/2 year of either Biochemistry or Molecular Biology with Labs optional but recommended 1 year
English composition or literature 1 year
Calculus I* 1/2 year
Microbiology with Lab 1/2 year
General Physics with Lab 1 year
Psychology 1/2 year
Statistics (math, biology, or psychology) 1/2 year

*or one year of any other college level math (algebra, pre-calculus, etc.) One year of Calculus is highly recommended to satisfy math requirement.

Require 90 credits minimum.

Recommend but do not require biochemistry, Calculus II, anatomy, physiology, histology, molecular biology, genetics, and experimental and physiological psychology.

Competitive credentials: In general science and overall GPA of 3.1-3.3; OAT scores of at least 300 in each subsection.
For Salus Pennsylvania College of Optometry, any prerequisite course receiving a grade of D+ or lower must be repeated (they do not consider + /- grades). Other schools may require a retake for prerequisites of C- or lower.

3 + 4 Salus/PCO students; minimum GPA of 3.1 and OAT scores of at least 300 in each subsection; take the OAT NO LATER than June 1st of the junior year. Apply the summer after junior year through OptomCAS.

Salus/PCO also has a year-round 36 month accelerated professional school pathway known as the Scholars Program

Helpful websites:
Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry -
American Optometric Association -
Salus University Pennsylvania College of Optometry-

General Information:


*If you are planning to study abroad or if you are in accelerated program consult with your Health Professions advisor to plan your course progression

Bolded courses are offered only in the indicated semester and/or require a specific sequence due to Juniata prerequisites. Non-bolded courses are either offered in both semesters or represent open-ended choices, making them more flexible in when they can be taken.  Course progressions after the freshman year are not carved in stone.  Your particular course sequence may be different, depending on your situation.  Consult with your advisor.

Freshman Year BI 105 Biology Lab II
Biology Lab I Integrated Chemistry Principles II
Integrated Chemistry Principles I Integrated Chemistry Princ II Lab
Integrated Chemistry Principles I Lab Calculus I
Sophomore Year BI 106 BI 207
  Integrated Chemistry: Organic Integrated Chemistry: Biochemistry
  Integrated Chemistry: Organic Lab Bioanalytical Chemsitry Lab
  Psychology English
Junior Year Physics I and Lab Physics II and Lab
  Microbiology and Lab Statistics
  OAT Preparation* OAT Preparation

*Both semesters of the year you plan to take the exam.

If you do an accelerated program plan to finish most or all of the prerequisite courses the year before your final year at Juniata.  If you have one or two courses to complete your final year at Juniata, you could be conditionally accepted to professional school based on your academic record up to that point and on successful completion of the remaining prerequisite courses.

If you study abroad the SAFEST strategy is to take ALL prerequisite courses for professional school in the U.S., which may require you to take courses in the U.S. over the summer, preferably at a 4 year institution. However, if this is extremely difficult for your situation, check with the professional schools you wish to attend to see if they will accept courses taken abroad and if so, get their response in writing.  Also if you have a Biology POE and will not have BI 207 by the time you go abroad, check with the Biology Department to see if there is a Cell and Molecular course you can take abroad that will enable you to take upper level biology offerings at Juniata your senior year that require BI 207 (ex. Physiology, Immunology, and Microbiology)

Be mindful of your POE courses, which are NOT indicated here.  For example, if you have a Biology POE, you will need to take Freshman seminar the spring of your freshman year,  Frontiers of Biology the fall of your sophomore year, and Biology 207 at your earliest opportunity after completing Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry.